Early golf clubs contained wooden shafts, most often times made of hickory. These shafts were tough and endured the forces formed by the golf swing, however, compared with modern, so much more stiff shafts, their high flexibility called for a skillful swing to yield unchanging results.
Preceding to 1935, hickory was the leading substance with regards to shaft engineering, but it proved complicated to master for most golfers, as well as being fairly frail. Steel would become the ubiquitous preference for much of the secondary half of the twentieth century. However heavier than hickory, it is notably stronger and even more consistent in its efficiency. Before to steel, a player would need to have a somewhat different swing for every single shaft given the inherent disproportions in the hickory shafts. The graphite shaft was first marketed in 1970 at the PGA Merchandise Show and yet did not gain far-reaching use prior to the mid-1990s and is now used on nearly all woods and some iron sets, since the carbon-fiber composite of graphite shafts claims increased flex for higher clubhead speed at the cost of slightly reduced accuracy due to significantly greater torque. Steel, which typically has lower torque but lower flex than graphite, is still enormously preferred by many for irons, wedges and putters as these types of clubs stress accuracy and precision over distance.
Graphite shafts commenced to surface in the late twentieth century. The graphite shaft was actually designed by Frank Thomas in 1969 while working as Chief Design Engineer for Shakespeare Sporting Goods, in collaboration alongside Union Carbide. The original graphite Golf Club Shafts assembled by Shakespeare Sporting Goods were filament wound, had tremendously consistent properties and were seriously expensive. Subsequent, less pricy flagwrapped releases of the graphite shaft offered by other designers several years later had conflicting properties and as a result professionals and proficient amateurs were in the beginning doubtful of the new technology when compared to steel; that being said, advances in technology, developed by Bruce Williams, an engineer working with an Ohio-based composites corporation, gradually changed this assumption.
The shaft is approximately.5 inch/12 millimeters in dimension in close proximity to the grip and anywhere between 35-48 inches/89– 115 cm in length. Shafts weigh between 45 and 150 grams depending on the material and overall length.
Graphite shafts are woven from carbon fiber and are typically less heavy in weight than steel shafts. Graphite shafts became trendy amid amateurs, just because lighter weight promoted generate escalated club-head speed. The carbon fiber furthermore frittered away some of the painful vibrations that were produced by badly hit shots.
Shafts are rated in a number of different ways. The most current is the shaft flex. Simply, the shaft flex is the quantity in which the shaft will bend when ever placed under a load. A stiffer shaft will just not flex as much, which requires more energy to bend and “whip” through the ball suitably (which results in elevated club speed at impact for further distance), although a more flexible shaft will most likely whip with lesser power expected for better distance on more relaxed swings, but might just torque and over-flex if swung with too much power causing the head not to be straight, resulting in diminished precision.